What the Radiologist should Know about Artificial Intelligence - An ESR White Paper

This paper aims to provide a review of the basis for application of AI in radiology, to discuss the immediate ethical and professional impact in radiology, and to consider possible future evolution. Even if AI does add significant value to image interpretation, there are implications outside the traditional radiology activities of lesion detection and characterisation. In radiomics, AI can foster the analysis of the features and help in the correlation with other omics data. Imaging biobanks would become a necessary infrastructure to organise and share the image data from which AI models can be trained. AI can be used as an optimising tool to assist the technologist and radiologist in choosing a personalised patient's protocol, tracking the patient's dose parameters, providing an estimate of the radiation risks. AI can also aid the reporting workflow and help the linking between words, images, and quantitative data. Finally, AI coupled with CDS can improve the decision process and there by optimise clinical and radiological workflow.

This paper was prepared by Prof. Emanuele Neri (Chair of the ESR eHealth and Informatics Subcommittee), Prof. Nandita de Souza (Chair of the ESR European Imaging Biomarkers Alliance - EIBALL Subcommittee), and Dr. Adrian Brady (Chair of the ESR Quality, Safety and Standards Committee), on behalf of and supported by the eHealth and Informatics Subcommittee of the European Society of Radiology (ESR).

The authors gratefully acknowledge the valuable contribution to the paper of Dr. Angel Alberich Bayarri, Prof. Christoph D. Becker, Dr. Francesca Coppola, and Dr. Jacob Visser, as members of the ESR eHealth and Informatics Subcommittee.

The paper was approved by the ESR Executive Council in February 2019.

Download: What the Radiologist should Know about Artificial Intelligence - An ESR White Paper (.pdf, 546 KB).

Download from eHealthNews.eu: What the Radiologist should Know about Artificial Intelligence - An ESR White Paper (.pdf, 546 KB).

Most Popular Now

Contact Tracing Apps Unlikely to Contain…

Contract tracing apps used to reduce the spread of COVID-19 are unlikely to be effective without proper uptake and support from concurrent control measures, finds a new study by UCL...

Philips Launches New Innovations to Help…

Royal Philips (NYSE: PHG, AEX: PHIA), a global leader in health technology, today presented new approaches to health and healthcare, and the shift to health-at-home, at its virtual consumer health...

Internet Searches for Anxiety Attacks Ta…

Many health experts are concerned that the COVID-19 pandemic could be having widespread effects on people's mental health, but assessing these concerns is difficult without data. "Traditional public health surveillance lacks...

Orion Health Secures Place on Emerging T…

Remote Patient Monitoring solution included on Crown Commercial Services Spark: Technology Innovation Marketplace. Healthcare organisations now have a simple route to procure personalised monitoring for people living with chronic conditions to...

Scientists Develop Low-Cost Chip to Dete…

Robust and widespread antibody testing has emerged as a key strategy in the fight against SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic. However current testing methods are too inaccurate...

Newly Merged CCG Expands Tech Support to…

Norfolk and Waveney Clinical Commissioning Group to support prescribers to improve the quality and safety of prescribing through deploying prescribing decision technology FDB OptimiseRx. A newly merged clinical commissioning group...

Anonymized Cell Phone Location Data can …

In March 2020, federal officials declared the COVID-19 outbreak a national emergency. Around the same time, most states implemented stay-at-home advisories - to different degrees and at different times. Publicly...

Designed Antiviral Proteins Inhibit SARS…

Computer-designed small proteins have now been shown to protect lab-grown human cells from SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus that causes COVID-19. The findings are reported today in Science. In the experiments, the lead...

Telehealth Scales Up During the Pandemic…

Hailed for its ability to erase distance between health care providers in cities and patients in rural areas, telehealth has ironically enabled medical care to continue in a time when...

Fitbit Receives Regulatory Clearance in …

Fitbit (NYSE:FIT) has received 510(k) clearance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), as well as Conformité Européenne (CE) marking in the European Union, for its electrocardiogram (ECG) app...

Don't Fall for the 'Next Best Action' Tr…

15 September, 2020. London, UK. OKRA has announced a new, free webinar called 'Why Next Best Action is not enough', a panel will discuss the urgent need to move beyond the...

Cerner Chosen to Support Population Heal…

Cerner Corporation is pleased to announce a new relationship with Hampshire and Isle of Wight (HIOW) health and care system to enable their population health management journey to transform the...