What the Radiologist should Know about Artificial Intelligence - An ESR White Paper

This paper aims to provide a review of the basis for application of AI in radiology, to discuss the immediate ethical and professional impact in radiology, and to consider possible future evolution. Even if AI does add significant value to image interpretation, there are implications outside the traditional radiology activities of lesion detection and characterisation. In radiomics, AI can foster the analysis of the features and help in the correlation with other omics data. Imaging biobanks would become a necessary infrastructure to organise and share the image data from which AI models can be trained. AI can be used as an optimising tool to assist the technologist and radiologist in choosing a personalised patient's protocol, tracking the patient's dose parameters, providing an estimate of the radiation risks. AI can also aid the reporting workflow and help the linking between words, images, and quantitative data. Finally, AI coupled with CDS can improve the decision process and there by optimise clinical and radiological workflow.

This paper was prepared by Prof. Emanuele Neri (Chair of the ESR eHealth and Informatics Subcommittee), Prof. Nandita de Souza (Chair of the ESR European Imaging Biomarkers Alliance - EIBALL Subcommittee), and Dr. Adrian Brady (Chair of the ESR Quality, Safety and Standards Committee), on behalf of and supported by the eHealth and Informatics Subcommittee of the European Society of Radiology (ESR).

The authors gratefully acknowledge the valuable contribution to the paper of Dr. Angel Alberich Bayarri, Prof. Christoph D. Becker, Dr. Francesca Coppola, and Dr. Jacob Visser, as members of the ESR eHealth and Informatics Subcommittee.

The paper was approved by the ESR Executive Council in February 2019.

Download: What the Radiologist should Know about Artificial Intelligence - An ESR White Paper (.pdf, 546 KB).

Download from eHealthNews.eu: What the Radiologist should Know about Artificial Intelligence - An ESR White Paper (.pdf, 546 KB).

Most Popular Now

The Future of Medicine is Data

At the 2023 Annual J.P. Morgan Healthcare Conference, Owkin Co-founder and CEO Thomas Clozel, MD will outline how data is the future of medicine - from the development of new...

Study Surveys Landscape of Apps Built on…

A study led by Regenstrief Institute Research Scientist Titus K. Schleyer, DMD, PhD, is among the first to survey the current landscape of FHIR® apps, providing a snapshot of how...

New Computer Program 'Learns' to Identif…

Genetic mutations cause hundreds of unsolved and untreatable disorders. Among them, DNA mutations in a small percentage of cells, called mosaic mutations, are extremely difficult to detect because they exist...

Applications Open for SpinLab Accelerato…

The start-up accelerator supports entrepreneurial and innovative teams that want to grow sustainably and successfully scale their business model. With a strong hands-on mentality and a lot of passion, the...

Bayer to Accelerate Drug Discovery with …

Bayer AG and Google Cloud today announced a collaboration to drive early drug discovery that will apply Google Cloud's Tensor Processing Units (TPUs), which are custom-developed accelerators designed to run...

Allscripts Announces Corporate Name Chan…

Allscripts Healthcare Solutions, Inc. announced that, effective January 1, 2023, it has changed its name to Veradigm Inc. (NASDAQ: MDRX). Allscripts had been transitioning its solutions to the Veradigm brand...

220M€ Investment in Testing and Experime…

To make the EU the place where AI excellence thrives from the lab to the market, the European Union is setting up world-class Testing and Experimentation Facilities (TEFs) for AI. Together...

AI Tool Developed to Predict Risk of Lun…

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States and around the world. Low-dose chest computed tomography (LDCT) is recommended to screen people between 50 and...

Artificial Nerve Cells - Almost Like Bio…

Researchers at Linköping University (LiU), Sweden, have created an artificial organic neuron that closely mimics the characteristics of biological nerve cells. This artificial neuron can stimulate natural nerves, making it...

Bayer Acquires Blackford Analysis Ltd. B…

Bayer announced the acquisition of the global strategic imaging AI platform and solutions provider Blackford Analysis Ltd. The acquisition is part of Bayer's strategy to drive innovation in radiology, including...

For Shared Decision-Making, Telemedicine…

Telemedicine may be just as effective as in-person visits when it comes to shared decision-making and communication for patients undergoing a first-time surgery consultation, according to a study published as...

Veradigm Announces Strategic Investment …

Veradigm Inc. (NASDAQ: MDRX), formerly Allscripts Healthcare Solutions, Inc., announced an investment in Holmusk, a global behavioral health real-world evidence and data analytics company, as part of Holmusk's $45 million...