What the Radiologist should Know about Artificial Intelligence - An ESR White Paper

This paper aims to provide a review of the basis for application of AI in radiology, to discuss the immediate ethical and professional impact in radiology, and to consider possible future evolution. Even if AI does add significant value to image interpretation, there are implications outside the traditional radiology activities of lesion detection and characterisation. In radiomics, AI can foster the analysis of the features and help in the correlation with other omics data. Imaging biobanks would become a necessary infrastructure to organise and share the image data from which AI models can be trained. AI can be used as an optimising tool to assist the technologist and radiologist in choosing a personalised patient's protocol, tracking the patient's dose parameters, providing an estimate of the radiation risks. AI can also aid the reporting workflow and help the linking between words, images, and quantitative data. Finally, AI coupled with CDS can improve the decision process and there by optimise clinical and radiological workflow.

This paper was prepared by Prof. Emanuele Neri (Chair of the ESR eHealth and Informatics Subcommittee), Prof. Nandita de Souza (Chair of the ESR European Imaging Biomarkers Alliance - EIBALL Subcommittee), and Dr. Adrian Brady (Chair of the ESR Quality, Safety and Standards Committee), on behalf of and supported by the eHealth and Informatics Subcommittee of the European Society of Radiology (ESR).

The authors gratefully acknowledge the valuable contribution to the paper of Dr. Angel Alberich Bayarri, Prof. Christoph D. Becker, Dr. Francesca Coppola, and Dr. Jacob Visser, as members of the ESR eHealth and Informatics Subcommittee.

The paper was approved by the ESR Executive Council in February 2019.

Download: What the Radiologist should Know about Artificial Intelligence - An ESR White Paper (.pdf, 546 KB).

Download from eHealthNews.eu: What the Radiologist should Know about Artificial Intelligence - An ESR White Paper (.pdf, 546 KB).

Most Popular Now

App Determines COVID-19 Disease Severity…

A new mobile app can help clinicians determine which patients with the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) are likely to have severe cases. Created by researchers at NYU College of Dentistry, the...

NHS Trust Revolutionises Access to Menta…

North Staffordshire Combined Healthcare NHS Trust has selected the DXC Open Health Connect platform from DXC Technology (NYSE: DXC) and is creating a blueprint that could dramatically reduce mental health...

FDA Permits Marketing of First Game-Base…

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) permitted marketing of the first game-based digital therapeutic device to improve attention function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The prescription-only...

HealthTunes Launches iOS App to Deliver …

HealthTunes has announceed the launch of the iOS App specifically created to help alleviate the mental health suffering of frontline healthcare workers. After months of fighting the pandemic, many frontline...

Philips Announces Collaboration with Ame…

Royal Philips (NYSE: PHG, AEX: PHIA), a global leader in health technology, today announced it has once again joined forces with the American Telemedicine Association (ATA) to help further the...

Bluetooth Technology, the Best Ally to D…

"Tracers have been and are essential to manage the pandemic. Today, the tracing is done by hand and this work is slow and inaccurate. However, as we have seen, technology...

Successful Debut for DMEA sparks

16 - 18 June 2020, Berlin, Germany. DMEA sparks opened, featuring a wide range of topics. Federal Minister of Health Jens Spahn kicked off events. In his interview he focused on...

Digital Mental Health support to be Prov…

SilverCloud, the leading digital therapeutics provider, has partnered with mental health charity Northpoint Wellbeing to co-develop a new digital therapy programme to alleviate anxiety in young people. Coming at a...

Siemens Healthineers Offers Flexible Tel…

With its teamplay myCare Companion software, the company is bringing a new and flexible telemedicine solution to the market that enables remote care for patients with chronic diseases. The teamplay...

Siemens Healthineers Uses Artificial Int…

Siemens Healthineers introduces Ysio X.pree(1), the world's first intelligent X-ray system with integrated AI for optimizing the daily routine of image acquisition in radiography. To assist radiologists with the subsequent...

Computer Modelling Predicts where Vaccin…

Researchers have developed a model that can estimate regional disease burden and the impact of vaccination, even in the absence of robust surveillance data, a study in eLife reveals. The report...

Andrea Fiumicelli Appointed as a CEO of …

Dedalus Group, leader in Europe and one of the world's leading players in clinical and healthcare information systems supporting clinical professionals and healthcare facilities thanks to a wide portfolio of...